Source: TelesurTV.net / The Dawn / December 27, 2015.- Millions of people in the world are victims of conflicts that have not received attention of mass media, such as the forced displacements of Central America and Colombia, the civil wars in Yemen, Central African Republic and others.
On 2015, the attention of mass media around the world has been busy with conflicts such as the refugee crisis and terrorism. But there are also other topics to inform that have not had a central place in the agenda, even though they are equally as worrying.
In the area known as the North Triangle, formed by El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, millions of inhabitants have been forced to leave their countries because of drug trafficking, human rights violations and poverty.
The North Triangle is considered one of the most violent regions in the world due to organized crime, and difficult access to health, education and security.
These conditions have caused a raise in the number of people who seek asylum in the U.S. and that come from these countries by 500% since 2008.
In Honduras, the displacement crisis has been catalogued by the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights of the UN, Chaloka Beyani, as an “invisible epidemic”.
Only in that country, the number of forcibly displaced people reached 174 thousand between 2004 and 2014, although this may be an underestimation, especially considering the magnitude of the security issue in Honduras. According to the UN, Honduras has the highest murder rate in the world, with 65 to 91 murders per 100 thousand inhabitants. This number is only topped by countries at war.
According to the report on the world population made by the United Nations Population Fund, there are in the world a thousand million people living in areas of conflict. This represents 14% of the world population.
In Colombia, more than 6 million people live in conflict areas. This makes the South American country the second country in the world with the most prolonged humanitarian emergency, and the second in quantity of displaced people, with 6 million of them, surpassed only by Syria, which has more than 7 million.
This document also reflects that the armed social conflict has incidence also in the rate of fertility of girls aged 10 to 14, that is doubled in places affected by violence. Also, the mortality of mothers is 7.6 times higher on average in these areas. In Colombia, maternal death in 2013 was of 54,6 for every 100 thousand babies born alive.
The civil war in South Sudan
The youngest country in the world is immersed since 2013 in a bloody civil war that has left 10,000 dead and more than a million and a half people refuged in the forest areas.
In this country, whose independence was proclaimed in 2011, the regular Army, allied to President Salva Kir, fights groups leadered by former Vice President Riek Machar.
According to the United Nations Agency for Refugees (ACNUR), there are currently more than 450 thousand South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia, Uganda, Sudan and Kenya, and more than 1,2 million people internally displaced.
Most of the displaced people are women and children, by up to 94% in the case of the refugees in Ethiopia.
The situation in South Sudan is even more complex due to the hunger that affects the population. Around 3,9 million inhabitants —34% of the total— suffer from hunger in their country.
The conflict in the Central African Republic
The Central African Republic lives immerse in a religious conflict since 2013, after muslim forces brought down the President, who had been in power for more than a decade in a mainly christian country.
In this nation, nearly a million people have had to run to Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of Congo and Chad. Meanwhile, 399 thousand inhabitants are internally displaced.
Violence in the Central African Republic has forced thousands of women, children and families to seek asylum in mosques, churches and public buildings.
Moreover, the humanitarian situation has become more complex due to the intervention of the UN blue helmets. There are multiple denounces of alleged abuses against the populations, including rape of minors and murders.
The civil war in Yemen
Yemen is the scenario of a civil war, which was initiated two years ago and has caused the death of 5,800 people and 25 thousand wounded. mostly civilians, and 1,4 million displaced.
In average, eight children are being murdered or wounded every day, and around 2 million children have dropped from school since the beginning of violence.
In total, 21 million people have been affected by the conflict (80% of the population).
The conflict in Yemen is the consequence of unresolved disputes after the fall of the government of Ali Abdulah Saleh, in 2011, a situation that has worsened after March 26 this year, when Saudi Arabia began an air offensive in this country without the approval of the UN but with the economic support of the U.S., in an attempt to put the former President Abdu Rabu Mansur Hadi, a faithful ally of Riad, back in power.