By: Jeferson Miola / Source: Surversion.Uy / The Dawn News / August 2, 2016. Macri (Argentina), Temer (Brazil) and Cartes (Paraguay) are trying to tear apart the emblematic organism of regional integration of South America.
The rules of the Mercosur are clear regarding the rotatory system to elect pro tempore presidents. Despite this, the reactionary governments of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay simply disregarded the norms in force to prevent Venezuela from temporarily ruling the presidency of the bloc. With the impasse they create, they reach the main objective which is to paralyze and weaken the Mercosur.
The 1991 Asuncion Treaty is the foundational document of the Mercosur bloc. Article 12 of this treaty establishes that “the Presidency of the Council will be exercised in a rotary manner and in alphabetical order by the Member States, for six-month long periods”.
The Ouro Preto Protocol, signed in 1994 in the Brazilian city with the same name, establishes the same thing in Article 5: “the Presidency of the Common Market Council will be exercised in a rotary manner and in alphabetical order by the Member States, for six-month long periods”. The combination of these two rules of the Mercosur lead to no other conclusion than that Venezuela should be the leader from the bloc for the second semester of 2016.
The Uruguayan government has already stated that it defends the institutional order and therefore won’t allow the coupist alliance that intends to subvert the Mercosur.
Venezuela’s government has already declared itself in exercise of the seat, after the Uruguayan government ended its term. For the first time in 25 years of history, there was no solemnity in the passing of the baton, because, sadly, the governments of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay prevented the official ceremony from being carried out —in an antidemocratic action that doesn’t affect the legitimacy of Venezuela’s leadership of the Mercosur.
Why are the governments of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay sabotaging and attacking the Mercosur? Which are the interests behind this decision that is disintegrating the continent and debilitating the geopolitical position of every member country in the global context?
The Mercosur always posed challenges for the great world powers that wanted to intervene in the region. Furthermore, the Mercosur was the main promoter of the processes of regional integration that gave birth to the Unasur, the Celac and other agreements, that in the last decade managed to multiply by 12 the number of interregional trades and investments.
This integrationist phenomenon allowed for the preservation of jobs, rent and social rights that could otherwise be exported to the North (which is desireable by the standards of the current governments of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay).
In this context, where both Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton promise to abandon the ambitious North American project of the Trans Pacific Agreement, neocolonialists seem to be preparing the ground for a new imperial invasion in the region.
The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) is the dream of the coupist government and oligarchy of Brazil, and it might be benefitted with the sabotage of the Mercosur and the coupist attack to regional integration.