Ten presidents and two first ministers of the 33 countries attended to the fifth Summit of the Community of Latin America and Caribbean States (CELAC) realized in the touristic complex of Bávaro, in the oriental side of Dominican Republic. Latin America and Caribbean countries are looking forward towards the regional integration to face the waves of protectionist and anti migration policies, including Donald Trump plans, in the fifth president summit.
“The solution (to migration) are not walls or frontiers; is solidarity, humanity and creating well-being and peace conditions” told Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa in a speech during the plenary session of the Summit.
The leader called his counterparts of the region to “assume a clear position in defense of migrators, not just in Latin America and caribbean but of the whole world”.
The wednesday reunion is being celebrated at the same time the new American president ordered the construction of a frontier wall in the Mexico borderline to control immigration and the building of new detention centers for unauthorized immigrants.
Between the pacted themes for the agenda, there is the need to end the economic, commercial and financial blockade of the U.S. towards Cuba, and other matters related with food safety, migration and development and the world problematic on drugs.
Also stands out the nuclear disarm, gender, women movements, development funding, the Guantanamo retrieval for Cuba and indigenous languages themes.
The Summit began with a silence minute in homenaje to Cuba’s Revolution leader, Fidel Castro.
Castro was one of the principal propellers of the Community and during his whole live a firm believer of the dream of a united region in the path to progress, affirmed Danilo Medina, president of Dominican Republic, at the beginning of the date.
The ruler highlighted the potential of the political concertation mechanism integrated by all the nations of the american continent, except for U.S. and Canada.
“If we talk about economic growth, the bloc is an optimal space to cooperate, facilitating trade and productive chains that create millions of jobs in our region”, he said.
Furthermore, he mentioned the organization existent possibilities to protect the peoples from the effects of climate change and natural disasters, stimulate food safety, fight against inequality and promote education.
“It is here, in this peoples alliance, in this brother community, where we must find the ideas, the paths, the actions and the political will to make Latin American and Caribbean historic destiny a reality” remarked.
The Chilean chancellor Heraldo Muñoz informed that during the first plenary meeting, that was realized at closed doors, “an attitude against protectionism, contrary to the borderline closure”.
Without mentioning Trump or any of his policies, Muñoz detailed that “there is an agreement in latin american and caribbean points of view in favour of integration, in favour to opening and in favour of advancements in the matters of free trade that have been achieved”.
CELAC´s fifth Summit, concluded on wednesday night with the signature of the Punta Cana Declaration by the regional leaders, that without mentioning Trump or any particular nation, rejects the criminalization of immigration.
Latin America should unite as never before against foreign threats, said to periodism Venezuelan leader Nicolás Maduro after his arrival to the hotel. The president avoided talking in a specific way about Donald Trump´s commercial and migratory plans.
Dominican president Danilo Medina insisted on his opening speech of the past tuesday night, his concern about the possibility that “this growing speech of protectionism and frontier closure does not only apply on the economic sphere, but it could also have big consequences on our migrant population”.
Besides ordering the frontier wall construction, Trump also announced in the last days the he will renegotiate the North America Free Trade Agreement terms, and that his country will leave the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) where Chile, Perú and México are members.
“If Europe, China and the U.S. adopt the tariff retaliation that in the past only worked to generate poverty, the whole world would end engulfed in poorness”, added Medina.
Chilean chancellor clarified that the CELAC had not deepened about TPPA future because it only affects 3 countries of the region.
Besides Medina, Correa and Maduro, there were also present the presidents of Bolivia, Cuba, Dominica, El Salvador, Guyana, Haiti and Nicaragua, and the prime ministers of Antigua y Barbuda and Jamaica and chancellors or representatives of the rest of the countries.
At the end of the rendezvous, El Salvador’s president, Salvador Sánchez Cerén, assumed the rotary presidency of the Community.
Evo Morales raises CELAC into thrusting the successful bolivian social-economic communal model
“We must thrust the new complementary, not competitive, social-economic community models that strengthens the productive grounds of our economies”, said in his participation in the Fifth Summit of the CELAC.
He remembered that Bolivia is applying since 2006 a successful social, economic, communitary and productive m
odel, and the Bolivian economy is stable since then, reaching great achievements, like poverty and inequality diminish.
The Bolivian president asked for the cancellation of all the free trade agreements that violate the countries sovereignty and which harms peoples economies.
Morales calls Trump to elaborate an appropriate migratory policy respectful of the Human Rights
“I make a call upon the president of the United States to elaborate a respectful migratory policy according to Human Rights, and helping i the establishment of an universal citizenship”, highlighted in its speech on the Fifth CELAC Summit of State Officials, happening in the Dominican city of Punta Cana.
Morales remembered to Trump the thirteenth article of the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” of 1948, that establishes that “Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.”
Hours before, according to media outlets, Trump signed executive mandates in order to build a wall in the Mexico frontier and to expel all immigrants with criminal records.
Raúl Castro: “It has never been more necessary to march effectively along the path of unity”
“It has never been more necessary to march effectively along the path of unity, recognizing that we have many common interests. Working for “unity in the diversity” is an urgent need”.
To achieve this, a strict adherence to the Proclamation of Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace, signed by the Heads of State and Governments in Havana in January 2014, is required, in which we commit ourselves “to strictly compliance with Its obligation not to intervene, directly or indirectly, in the internal affairs of any other State, to resolve disputes in a peaceful manner, and to fully respect the inalienable right of every State to choose its political, economic, social and cultural system”.
Rafael Correa: The solution to migration is not a wall
The Ecuadorian leader highlighted during the Fifth CELAC Summit the importance of an autonomous productive architecture.
“The solution to stop migration is not the construction of walls and frontiers, but solidarity, humanity and the creation of peace solutions for all of Earth’s inhabitants”, assured Rafael Correa during his intervention in the Fifth CELAC Summit celebrated past wednesday.
He also regreted that “Latin America´s great inequalities have created fictional democracies in which appears that sovereignty lies in the capital and not in the people“. Correa emphasized that the CELAC members should commit with “a democracy where meritocracy and equal opportunities are essential values“.
At the end, the leader pointed out the aggressions that former progressive presidents, like Dilma Rousseff in Brazil and Cristina Fernández in Argentina, are suffering, and assured that although Latin America could have a few stepbacks, “it shall never return to the past. The CELAC is the best sample of our time´s change”.
Venezuela calls on the unity of Latin America
The Venezuelan leader, Nicolás Maduro, thanked the support offered by the 33 countries members of the CELAC against the renewal signed by former president Barack Obama of the interventionist decree, concerning Venezuela as an “unusual and extraordinary threat” for U.S. safety.
The president considers CELAC as an “mechanism of mutual union and thrust that gathered South America, the Caribbean and Central America” and added: “We are building the new consensus of our America”.
“Venezuela puts itself at the service of the populations to create a new union, necessary to face economical, social and political changes that the XXI century world is living”, assured Maduro.
At last he proposed establishing “a permanent consult mechanism that takes the region to make an extraordinary CELAC summit to discuss the vital themes for the continent, like economy and migration”.