Source: Resumen Latinoamericano / The Dawn News / January 5, 2018
Haiti is facing a period of political instability characterized by neo-colonial policies from the United States, racism and the continuity of dictatorial processes initiated with Michel Martelly and succeeded by Jovenel Moise. In response to this, the Haitian people, who have been mistreated and hungry for a long time, get organized and rebel.
After more than 200 years after the end of colonial domination, Haiti is in a difficult economic, political and social situation, derived from North American neo-colonialism that has dominated the island from over a century.
This January 1, Haiti commemorated 214 years of independence from the French empire, who had colonized the country for more than two hundred years. Haiti’s anti-colonial and anti-slavery revolution had a deep impact in South and North America. In the slave-trading ports of Brazil, people talked with concern about the spread of a disease that affected slaves: they called it “haitianism”– its main symptom was the desire to rebel against masters. The ideals of justice and equality were reduced to an illness. It was wrong to desire the cessation of exploitation of humans by other humans. Or to be concerned about the rights of the Africans who were kidnapped from their lands, separated from their families and sold like animals.
Haiti proclaimed its independence in January of 1804, and became into the first country in Latin America to earn its independence through a revolutionary process that began in 1791 with a prolonged struggle between guerrilla groups of enslaved people against the armies of Napoleon Bonaparte’s France, the largest military power of the time, and they managed to overthrow it.
One Of The Most Important Triumphant Revolutions Of Enslaved People In The History Of Humanity
François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture is the protagonist of the long process of emancipation, who between 1793 and 1802 led the Haitian revolution, confronting Spanish, English and French, until his capture, exile and death in France. The process was taken up and led by Jean Jacques Dessalines who ruled for two years in an exemplary manner, revolutionizing the slave culture and its cosmovision, revalorizing ancestral African cultures, their worldviews and relationship to the land, but he was tragically assassinated in 1806.
214 years after the end of colonial control, there is a difficult political and social situation in Haiti that is rooted in the meddling of the United States in the island’s affairs for more than a century, destroying the peasant economy by dumping and condemning a nation of peasants that used to export rice, coffee,tobacco, chocolate and more to hunger.
The current situation in Haiti
The elections that led to Jovenel Moise’s rise to the presidency in February of 2017 put an end to an almost insurrectionist struggle of the people against electoral fraud imposed by imperialist forces after over year and a half of struggle.
Haiti finished 2017 with the pressing necessity of recovering the liberties that were lost, and a dictatorial system that the occupation of the UN’s MINUSTAH forces helped to reinstate after the people were able to overthrow Duvalier’s dictatorship in 1986. Likewise, Haiti needs to break free from US oppression and begin a process of autonomous reconstruction, an alternative project for development, that serves the needs of the masses.
The MINUSTAH was a UN mission created in 2004 to help enforce the North American agenda after USA, France and Canada overthrew president Jean-Bertrand Aristide through a military invasion.
After the departure of the MINUSTAH blue helmets, a new form of UN police was illegally imposed. Chapter 7 of the Security Council created this new force, which was baptized as MINUJUSTH, which would be tasked with “supporting” the repressive military Police, supposedly “promoting the rule of law and overseeing the respect of human rights,” but in reality they came to transform the legal system to make it functional for the criminal ruling classes, which are linked to drug trafficking and money laundering, to foreign powers, under the doctrine of “combating organized crime and terrorism” which in reality means fighting against the Haitian people who claim for their rights.
The occupation did not end despite the retreat of the MINUSTAH
One month after the withdrawal of the mission, eight police officers and many social leaders were murdered. Civilians also died in protests demanding the resignation of the current president Jovenel Moise, who has passed a budget so unfair that the people are calling it a crime. Not only does it freeze the already miserable wages, it also increases tariffs and taxes on fuel and passports. Recently, a grand trial in the Senate of the Republic accused the president himself, with plenty of evidence, of systematic embezzlement of the Petrocaribe funds, which could have alleviated much of the misery that the people suffer from. This is a drama that continues to be silenced.
On a social level, there is a lot of conflict generated by the conditions of poverty and marginality where the nation is a product of policies that heavily favor foreign investors, by the fraudulent governments, appointed by the USA, according to its interests.
The blue helmets who introduced cholera in Haiti and provoked an epidemic that after killing 20,000 people continues causing victims in Haiti and the UN has done nothing to stop it.
A country with many resources, Haiti is militarized, occupied and plundered to the point that its labor force faces extinction.
The resistance of the masses of workers and peasants, students and the people in general still stays strong, writing new pages of heroism that are worthy of admiration, which we must shar with the world in order to create solidarity with Haiti’s struggle.
Haiti will not give in. The resistance, sooner or later, shall overcome.